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The city has played host to many international events, including the 2000 Summer Olympics.
The Cadigal band are the traditional owners of the Sydney CBD area, and their territory south of Port Jackson stretches from South Head to Petersham.
Consequently, they were first to suffer the effects of dispossession when the British arrived, though the descendants of Eora still have a strong presence in the Sydney area today.
Other than the Eora, people of the Dharug, Kuringgai and Dharawal language groups occupied the lands in and around Sydney.
The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, and cooking fish.
The area surrounding Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) was home to several Aboriginal tribes.
The "Eora people" are the coastal Aborigines of the Sydney district.
The name Eora simply means "here" or "from this place", and was used by Local Aboriginal people to describe to the British where they came from.
The modern history of the city began with the arrival of a First Fleet of British ships in 1788 and the foundation of a penal colony by Great Britain.
Sydney established an elected city council in 1840 and was from 1788-1900 the capital of the British colony of New South Wales.
In 1900, Sydney became a state capital, when New South Wales voted to join the Australian Federation.
Sydney today is Australia's largest city and a major international capital of culture and finance.